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5 tips to draw trees effectively

Hey guys today i’m going to give you five
tips to help you draw trees. Tip number one is the internal structure which
is the trunk and the branches. You don’t want to make these too straight
or repetitive you really want to capture the randomness of nature, in order to do this
you want o be free with your branches, i recommend not holding the pencil by the tip, I usually
hold it mid ways your goal is to control the pencil less in order to create the natural
branches. Right here i let go of the pencil a little
bit and make the tree truck curvyer. However i still have control over the pencil
and know what i’m going to do next. I’m also paying attention of where i place
the branches, i don’t want to leave huge gaps in-between the branches because that
would make the tree look weird and loose balance.

I also want to spread out the branches evenly
because to many branches on one side would make the tree loose balance as well. Moving on with tip number two. It deals with the overlap of form which helps
your tree look three dimensional. To do this were going to use the T method
which is the point where two forms overlap, you want to emphasize the T, and this shows
what is closer and what is farther away. for example this is our first T. and as you
can see it looks like a T and it shows that the branch is above the trunk or that its
closer to us. You can also use this method to show that
a branch behind the trunk. Emphasizing these points will help the tree
loose its flatness and its important to do these with all the branches. Good i think the tree is coming out pretty
well.

You can even add extra branches as i am here,
i’m just going to erase that little part. Okay to better explain i’m going to draw
two flat shapes that resemble pears, but i’m going to show you how to make them three dimensional. By emphasizing the T’s i’m going to make
the back of this pear closer to us then the front of the pear. as you can see the flat
shape of the pear has three dimensions now. i’m going to do the same thing with this
pear i’m going to make the front of the pear look closer to us. Good now i’m just going to add some of the
shading and it makes it look better.

I hope you understand the method that this
is the closer side and that is the farther side and you can do this by emphasizing the
overlap of form. Now tip number three deals with light source
and value. after drawing this tree i will show you where
the light source is, which is the top right. Since my light source is at the top right
i’m going to start shading the bottom and the left side of the tree to show shadows.

I will leave the right and top part of the
tree light to show that, thats where’s the sun is hitting it. As you can see one of my branches is casting
a shadow across the trunk, this makes the tree become a little bit more three dimensional. When it comes to shadows and value there is
a lot of detail, i also don’t want to leave sections of the tree completely white or completely
dark I want to leave it at a middle tone and thats what i’m doing here.

Now i will show how the shadows are cast on
a tree with leaves. First of all the leaves blur out some of the
branches and overlap them. the light source is right above so i’m doing
the shadows on the bottom of the leaves. Also the branches are almost always going
to look darker. I outline the leaves to give it more style
and I do the cast shadow in the bottom of the tree and I add a bush just to give it
an environment. For tip number four were gonna focus on texture
and this is mostly up to your skill level. I do a lot of lines on my tree to show that
it sort of has a natural form and you can practice different textures its not only lines. And as you can see i add a hole on the tree
and its part of texture this one you would have to practice a lot. Tip number five and finally go out to nature
and try to draw the trees outside. Try to get a small sketch book like this one,
I took this one when i went on a trip to Europe and as you can see i draw random trees I drew
close up of trees.

Drawing trees from the natural environment
will help you a lot, a lot! I tried different textures as you can see
in this one, and also weird ones. I also drew trees with thin branches and really
any kind of tree that came close up of the branches. This sketch book is filled with more than
just trees as you can see, and finally this last tree i actually drew this one out of
my imagination after you draw a lot of trees you actually could draw them out of your imagination. Finally this tree i will draw it pointing
out he five tips so as you can see i’m trying to make naturally curvy branches that resemble
nature. This tree is coming out from my imagination
and i want to not leave any gaps, i want to keep it completely balanced. I will spread out the smaller thinner branches
and i will add this large branch coming out of the tree trunk to show form and space.

Now i will actually start doing the emphasis
on form and space which are the T’s i talked about earlier in tip number two. and as you
can see i have them emphasized now. Now i’m going to do the shadows. I will do my light source on the top right
and as you can see i will do all my shadows on the left side and i will do some cast shadows
on the branches that are sticking out now. Also i never really stopped drawing branches
i keep doing thinner ones, this really only helps me emphasize different parts of the
tree and keep the tree balance as you can see. Now i’m going to continue with texture and
i’m going to user he line method again i’m going to do a bunch of lines to give it texture
so it can look more natural and give it a rough surface. Finally the shadow, and i believe this is
one of my longest videos so hank you for sticking till the end. I really hope you learned from these tips
and if you like this video please give it a like! subscribe to my channel for more videos!

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How to Draw in 1-Point Perspective: Narrated: A Road and Trees

How to Draw in Perspective: Perspective
is a way of showing things in 3-dimensions, on a 2-dimensional flat
piece of paper, to draw in 1-point perspective we need to draw a horizontal line and then on this horizon which represents the line between the sky and
the land, on this horizontal line, we want to put a dot and then from this
vanishing point we can draw two or three lines, in this drawing lets draw three
lines from the vanishing point, coming towards us, towards the base of the paper, once we have got these three lines coming from the vanishing point, coming
towards us, we need to draw a line going towards the left from the vanishing point and this will be the line for the top of the tree trunks, next on the left-hand diagonal line draw a base of a tree, and then we're going to make this into a tree trunk, you might have to draw an extra line, if
you think the first line we drew to the left is a little too high, which I think
mine is, so that we've got the baseline for the bottom of the tree trunk and
then we go to top line for where the tree trunk finishes for each tree, next
we can draw a row of trees that are all straight and all starts at the baseline
and their tree trunks will go up to this high line, these trees need to get smaller
and thinner as they go towards the vanishing point, now we can repeat this
process once we've drawn the trees on the left hand side road we can repeat
this process on the right-hand side of the road too, next it is time to draw the
branches, a series of lines, to divide them would be useful, so I normally draw a
V-shape within a branch, and then from this V-shaped it will branch out into
two more branches and then you can continue this and sometimes you can have branches get behind other branches and sometimes not, just so it looks quite
organic, once we draw these branches we can now
perhaps indicate some of the leaves, with trees I don't you ever ready to draw all of the leaves, just as when you're actually looking at a tree you don't
see all the leaves! you just sort of know that they're there, you are not going to really spend time counting them, in a drawing you can just indicate where they are as well and
just make general shapes in the way that leaves can make sort of clumps of shapes, so that is a very simple way to draw an avenue of trees, you could add some marks to create texture or tone using the 4B pencils I've been using for this drawing,
something like that, or you could add some color to the picture, maybe a sunset
or some color to the road or path and then, if you're going to color it up, you
could add some color into the fields and the trees themselves, for this picture I
use watercolor to color it, but you could use any type of color that you have a
hand, anything would work well, I hope you liked this video and find it useful for
your drawings, if you'd like to see some more of my videos, please subscribe to my youtube channel Circle Line Art School, I have over a hundred and ninety-five
other videos now, of various different ways of drawing, including many on
perspective, many on different other ways of drawing too, thank you very much for
watching, please give it a thumbs up if you liked it! Keep drawing and see next time!

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2 3 Trees Deletion

what's good everybody its Asia here again and in this video I want to a cut I want to go over to three trees and deletion which I consider a pretty complicated task and in this tutorial I'm going to show you videos which cover you know the practices and visualizations of what to do and then at the end I'm going to go through hard core examples so as you see in this two three tree example I have up here I have not I have letters and I'll explain what the letters mean into individually in a second but first if you do not understand to three trees I encourage you to watch my to three trees insertion video or my two three three four trees video which I also have in the data structures playlist so as you can see I have this two three tree here and I have letters P stands for parent s stands for smaller and L stands for larger now of course that s s is larger than L and that's all we care about but this whole node is entirely less than P and D is the node we are going to delete here so what we do in deletion really is you want to try you're going to switch the parent node if there is one if the node you're deleting has a parent you're going to switch it with the parent and then simply delete it and what comes of that is kind of is the way you redistribute so what I'm going to do here is I'm going to switch the parent and the deletion node because what I want to do is even though this seems like a really easy tool eat where I can just delete this node hey why don't want to delete this node it's the tree has a can be unbalanced and what I want to do is I want to rebalance the tree here to make sure it's always balanced and what I want to do is kind of make it like this at the end so you know it has it still has both leaves the parent still has both leaves off it or spoke children so what I want to do here is now I'm going to switch P with D right here and now what I'm going to do is I'm going to delete D or can delete i'm going to delete the value in d and then i'm going to bring up this l right here so what by doing that what I'm going to do is I am swapping this element the node that I'm on that I might be to delete with the in order successor and if you don't remember what in order in order is you can look at my tutorial in our in order traversal but it's essentially the going left and then the item or the element and then trying to go right from the parent so if I went left if I want left here I couldn't go left anymore so I hit this L and that would be my next in order accessor so what I can do here is I can bring up this L and as you can see here then I have that little image I showed you before well I've got the I've kind of got a more perfect tree where I've got L is now my new parent asses to the left and P is to the right which is great because I did know and then this does make sense because remember how I had SNL here in the beginning and since it was to the right of P I know that P is bigger than L so it is satisfactory by the rules that P can still be to the right of L so that is a simple deletion that is known as the remove redistribute deletion and the next deletion we're going to be working on is the remove redistribute solution actually this is another example of the remove redistribute example that I showed you guys up here it's just a little bit more complicated so d again is the node we want to delete and then I've got parent smaller and parent larger so again what I'm going to do is I'm going to delete is I'm going to swap the nodes with I'm going to swap D with its parent with the closest parent which is PS so I'm going to have PS and D and so then I'm going to do the inorder successor so it's it's on left element right where I can't go left because that's where I'm good that swear the note I'm deleting from so that's why I'm switching from so instead I'm going to go right and the next element in succession is SL so what I'm going to do here is I'm going to move our deletion and then I'm going to delete SL I'm going to sorry not SL just the s I'm going to bring up the s here and then when I bring up s here that's going to make everything nice and cozy so then I just have one note here of an L and now the tree is perfect again I didn't delete any child's or nodes or parents anything and I successfully deleted that node D now on to the next things okay here's another example a tad bit more complicated and one more step involved so again I want to delete the node D so what I'm going to do is I'm simply going to swap D with its closest payment which is the parent of these smaller PS s we like to go on PS wood D and then what I'm going to do is I'm going to delete D and bring up its inorder successor ex and I'm going to put it right where the D was so I'm going to swap those out but now as you can see there's nothing there and I don't to leave the ex there because there's a duplicate node so what I'm going to do here this is the extra step that I'm talking about or the more straightforward example is I've got to bring down this PL to make sure that there's still that I don't remove this child node and that it still satisfies the acquirement so I'm going to get I'm going to put the pl in this node and now I need I first three children I need two elements to satis to be able to have different sets and different paths to go so what I need to do is I need to bring up this s or the next in order element so I'm bringing up that s because I still need an element to fit all the requirements and I'm bringing up that s and then this was that L that was bigger than that s and as you can see this still fits the requirements because in the beginning the X was between was was less than PL and greater than PS which it still is and then in the beginning s was greater than PL but less than larger which still fits the requirements so that's a way to properly we'll move another out kind of again a more complicated example okay guys here's another exam now this look may look very similar to the other ones but let me trust you you actually do a different oil move this is known as the remove and merge method so again I'm going to delete D I'm going to swap it with its closest parent which is s and so I'm going to have s here and I'm going to have D here once I've swapped them I can finally remove it so once I do that I have successfully removed D but now what I do but now what I've got here is I've got an L and a and a B and I can't like if I moved all these over so if I move the a over here but the L down and bought the B up I would I would have an empty node here which is not what I want so that's not what I want to do what I actually want to do is let me put this all back when I've got the B and I've got the L here all I want to do is I want to simply merge these two nodes together I want to merge s and a together so that everything is satisfactory yet again so that's why this is called the remove and merge method so then I've got s and a and L only has two children would still satisfies the rules so that is the remove and merge that is one at one remove and merge merge example okay everybody now we're going to do another example in this example I've got again my basic parent nodes but essentially the s and L and D this time are not Leafs just imagine they have other trees they have other elements below them and that you have to consider reorganizing those paths or those branches when you delete a node so again I'm going to delete D and what I want to do again is switch P with D again I'm going to do P I'm going to leet P now I'm going to switch them over now and then I'm going to delete D and I'm going to bring up L now as you see here what's going to happen is I'm going to bring up L here and since I brought up L now this becomes s becomes a one node or has one element in so it doesn't have support it cannot support this branch or um this this branch of elements the T 3 branch because or every element you can for every element you have in each node you can have n for every n elements you have an eternal you can have n plus 1 branches so what I need to do is I need to take this T 3 over here and attach it to its sibling and make an eye sense and make tea for right here and put it over here with T 3 and that way it still fits the requirements and that everything is solidified because T 3 was the biggest tree here and we know everything in T 3 is going to be bigger than s but less than P so that's why it's still ok that it goes there and we know and it's okay that D extends to T 4 because beforehand it didn't it beforehand it was the D it was bigger but since we switched with the parent we still know it's greater than we still know it's greater than the parent because the parent used to be a P remember and we got rid of that deleted note another simple case is let's say for instance this is the root node in my other examples the this is this is my top node was not the woot node it was a case that it was a child of something but if you have a woot node and that's all you want to delete and let's say I've got trees or I've got roots below of a B and C to delete the root node is actually really simple all you do is you delete the road the root node you don't need to refactor anything or do anything else and then this is the new root is this SP right here so that's really cool and probably the easiest one to remember okay guys now time for an actual example in this example you're going to be deleting 65 the node I'm we drawing down there and for 65 what we're going to do here is we're going to first we gotta find 65 so we're going to find 65 and then we are going to remove its closest parent once in this case could be 70 or 90 I'm going to choose 90 it doesn't matter which one you will move so what I'm going to do is now I'm going to swap them so I'm going to do I'm going to now make 65 into this D node now I'm going to do it with 70 and what I do what I'm going to do here is I'm going to actually delete is I'm going to actually delete 70 I would delete the Dino Dileep the 65 d I just made and what I'm going to do here is now since there was a void here I'm going to have to move up the 70 node because I need to fill the void so then I move up to 70 node and this just becomes a 1 node of 80 so pretty easy example the next thing I'm going to do is I'm going to delete the 70 as you see so when I now I'm going to delete 70 and in 70 what I want to do is I want to find 70 again this right here and what I want to do is I want to find the next inorder successor which is going to be 80 and then with 80 what I want to do is I want to swap them so ice I want to swap 70 and 80 80 and 70 and since I've done that I can now safely delete 70 but it does that does something that I do not want and what that does is it leaves a blank element in our tree and we don't want that so what I want to do here is since I have this blank 70 is I want to there's two things on I can either do this about two ways I have to bring down an element of 80 or 90 and then merge those two nodes with the with the next one in sequence to it so it makes sense so for instance I could move get pull down 80 and then make this node into a 80 60 node make this into two elements oops make this into a 60 80 node and attach it or I could bring down 90 and make this into a 90 100 node and then it and then done put it on the right side and for my sequence for my niceness I will do a 80 60 node and that allows me to delete this 80 and make the tree format it again as you can see let me draw a nice and bubble because I already know I'm pretty bad at doing this and I need one line here going oh man so there you go then I just have my 90 and there you go boom and we've successfully deleted 70 next up I'm going to delete 100 and simply all I do is I find 100 and then I know that's going to be my new deletion node so I like to put it look nice and D around it and I'm going to swap it with a parent so I'm going to swap 90 and D because that is almost what I always need to do I'm going to swap 9 D and D and I now I can't just delete this node obviously because I can't just delete this node so what I'm going to do is I'm going to bring up the next in order successor with H with on multiple elements which is going to be 80 and so I'm going to bring up 80 here and I'm going to put 80 right down here and that's how I'm going to delete 100 to satisfy all the requirements and 60 is going to go back this node is going to go back to having one element in it okay so now I'm going to delete 80 which is actually going to get pretty hairy so again I'm going to find 80 I just write it here things get pretty here when you decide to relate a parent so I'm going to delete 80 and I'm going to put a D there and then I'm going to swap it with the inorder successor which will be 90 or it could be 60 but that's okay we will do I need to stay so I'm going to put 80 right I'm going to put 80 right here and basically what I'm going to do here now is sorry I'm going to put in d node here and I'm going to swap it with 90 so then I could successfully delete the D node or 80 but I can't redistribute that so I need to merge the nodes so simply what I do here is I put the elements together and what we get here is kind of a weird example and probably the hardest thing to do in the tree so I'm going to have to I'm going to move that denote up and I'm going to put down 60 and 90 because I couldn't redistribute the note I can't redistribute them so I merged the 60 and 90 but I can't do anything else and this is an invalid tree so I have to recursively go up the tree here and basically what I do is I start looking upwards I start looking at this 50 here and then I see would like do to redistribute or merge the notes here so I see this 50 and I say hmm what can I do with this 52 possibly um get rid of this denote and make actually make a tree structure so 60 and 90 could live together because as far as I know 60 was 80 so obviously 60 and 90 need to be on a different par so what I can do here is I see that I can put I could merge 30 and 50 and make and make a 3 branch node that simply brings them all together so was that 40 yes it was 40 and now as you can see here I have reclassified this tree here with this node and now I can successfully get rid of the D here and just draw one line from the 60 or 93 and as you can see that actually works out because 60 90 is greater than 50 40 s between 30 and 50 and 10 and 12 is less than those two so as you can see the leading and E is pretty different and now we have a new root of 30 and 50 instead of just the 50 node that is something to remember so getting 50 50 deleting things like that can be very complicated because you may need to redistribute everything and you may get an invalid tree at one point so there you go those are the basic examples and pretty complicated steps of removing in a tree if you have any more questions you can feel free to comment and ask me but also I'm going to include a link in the description below if you want to look at anything and a really great PowerPoint that explains how to do any trees work it's something I went to study up on this tutorial but I hope you guys have a great day um visit my Facebook and Twitter I hope to tweet more and give me any suggestions if you like if you don't like my handwriting will you own any extra software I could use or just anything the great thing about the Internet is interaction I hope you guys have a goochy goochy day

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Landscape Tutorial~How to Draw Trees With Leaves Pt 2 of 2

hey everyone welcome back this is the continuation of the how to draw trees with leaves tutorial if you have not seen this tutorial yet please click on the picture on the right to watch part 1 but if you haven't seen me drawing any trees at all before please click on the picture to the left to watch the whole tree Anatomy and everything like that it will really help you to draw the trees in this tutorial this whole process so far has been done only with a four-inch pencil as you can see this pencil is extremely late and the entire tree is mainly one tone and like a four when I divide it down here I set everything over here to be darker that will come in when I started using a darker pencil so remember in this tutorial series where I said you only need so many different pencils well I customize my kit at all I'm using now is the 4 H 2 h HB 2 B 4 B 5 B and 6b and then over here to charcoal pencils and my 9 B this next part I'm gonna grab the HB and the to be the to be like I said before is just your regular yellow school pencil and you can use that instead of buying one of these and it'll work just fine on this rough with the HB and wherever I went darker I'm gonna use this to go even darker so this is the part where you start layering tones the bottom of the tree you don't have to be too weary of what you're doing because it's gonna be mainly in shadow anyway and even anything that's in this slate highlight here it's gonna go a bit darker all right so now as I previously said I'm no longer using the 4-h pencil I have now switched to the HB and I will then later switch to the to be during this one I initially use the 4-h pencil which is a really light pencil I made some parts that were darker and now what I'm doing is I'm taking the HB and going over those parts right and then I'm a darker and I'm making them even darker and even the spots that are on the right side of the page that are slightly lighter or in highlight I'm making them darker because they're gonna be slightly in shadow so the bottom right of the tree will be the darkest part of the drawing while the top left of the tree will be the lightest and they will gradually change in tone as they get from one point to the other and you also want to make sure that it is a gradual change in tone because the light will still penetrate some parts of the tree and then little lightly start to fade as it gets to the tree so in this whole process the register here I went with the HP to darken this side of a bit then I'll it with the to be to darken up even more but I don't think I'm gonna go any darker than that the last thing to put in which always seems to annoy you during the whole process is the tree trunk you can put that in anytime you want I just choose to always put in later I'm not sure why I just do but you still want to be conscious of the light even though this trunk is still in full shadow you just kind of still want to show where that light is coming from and I'm just gonna put the tree and just by hatching and that's just by putting a lot of clothes lines together and I'm gonna make it a little bit lighter on this side of the tree fairly dark on this side of the tree here over just like that and you do want the trunk to be darker than the leaves up above it or at least show because you want to be able to tell where the leaves and and the trunk begins just like that I'm just putting in some harsh lines just to give the trunk a little bit of character things like that I'm gonna go back in with the HB pencil and just fill a little more leaves there just like kind of carve it up a little bit just like that take this I'm on the HB right now it's going to kind of round off the tree here okay also if you would like to you can take the tubing and it just quickly go around the tree like this just a given eyeshadow but you want to put this side of the tree over here in a longer shadow than this side so this shadow should probably go off the page just like that one last thing this is optional I guess this is do eraser I have on hand right now it's my mechanical pencil but if you can learn with the eraser you can and you wanna do the same motion just slow circles or quick circles but you want to keep the circular motion now just going in certain spots and just take a little bit away you give the tree a little bit of highlight just like that I'm even gonna do a little highlight over this side too just like that okay the last thing is yes it's a tree but you still want to have some size or indication that there is a treat beneath all these leaves so for this you just take you can either use a mechanical pounce from any pencil you have on hand and you just quickly put in some branches coming up and you want to have them come out and then go back in again so this one will be about this size have a branch off going this way that's good and you want to also go back in a little bit and put some leaves over it so it looks like it's actually going back into the tree like that we'll do another one right here oh it's still a little one right there fork it out just like that and I'll just leaves over it now you don't want to go too crazy with these you just want to perfu him just to show the viewer that there is a tree underneath all the leaves I find that it sort of adds a likeness to the tree another thing you could do with these tree branches while you're at it buy these leaves you could just add a few branches coming out like that but again you don't want to go too crazy just want to show that there there have a dead branch coming out down here just like that all right so there's a tree with four Leafs and I hope you learn from this it's this drawing here took me about 25 minutes or so but I'm sure for anyone else trying to sit probably take a lot longer but this in a nutshell is how I would draw a tree so I'll flip back to the other one real quick it's fairly similar see how I and all the branches out like this I put a few and out on the outskirts of the tree now this one I didn't shade anywhere near as dark as this one also with this one I had the light coming in too straight down like a noon lighting this is more like a like a 9 a.m.

3:00 4:00 p.m. lighting so all right all right so I hope you guys learn from this if you did if you liked it please subscribe leave a comment you have any questions or if you have any suggestions for future tutorials I would like to hear anything you have to say yeah so hope you like this thank you for watching click on the annotation below to subscribe also check out my channel for many more tutorials.

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