caption

How Long Do Teak Trees Grow Before Harvest? – LaQua Plantations

[Music] research has shown that 18 to 24 years of a properly plantation style grown teak tree is ideal to harvest the ideal growth cycle is to get as much height and straightness and health to that tree the first 10 years and then have it get the diameter and girth over the over the next 10 years not that it won't continue to grow and continue to expand after year 20 22 24 but the growth rate of your asset will start to decrease so the return on your purchase and the amount of lumber that it's going to grow or expand to between years 25 and 50 is not ideal 18 to 24 years on a well-managed teak plantation with good soil is something that we shoot for to have that utility pole size of mature trees so you.

As found on YouTube

caption

Bad Trees 2 -Pine Snag-

not wild about knocking bark down on the meat got me man oh that hurts in a nutshell bad trees no tions dead bark slipping off worrying about rattling out some dead lambs or tops above you moving very slow fear nervous tension Griffin never did like working in those situations so I'm uh I'm gonna land a bunch flat right there on the lawn and you can just leave them there and there'll be a cushion for future stuff from up high or not wood I have an arborist I was made for this you'll find it hard looking down on us and we're climbing up your snag very very core is pretty good but not that good I mean it was still doable obviously I probably wouldn't have done it or I wouldn't be here if I had tried or something but kind of hard to make these judgment calls sometimes pretty good at making them but I don't really enjoy it that much I kind of like it when it's over okay we got it we're gonna roll out off to the bank I told my wife before I left today I would just run over here and knock this little tree out and then come back and get her some gasoline for the mower she likes working on the yard there's a deer running across the yard anyway I guess I'm in trouble I took too long I always think I'm just gonna kill everything right away just knock it out just all that's easy boom boom boom i under bed stuff my whole life I always think I'm some kind of Superman and then I'm up I start looking a little closer and I'm like oh yeah this is kind of sketchy but it's over now another another backyard Beast has been slayed

As found on YouTube

caption

WEATHER in 0.12.0 – Snow Trees, Lightning, & More – Update Review – Minecraft PE (Pocket Edition)

what's up guys jfm here welcome back to another 0.12 point of it now in this one I'm going to be showcasing whether this is definitely one of the most requested videos everyone has been asking you know what is the new weather look like because there are a few changes and it looks absolutely phenomenal so there are two types of weather of course other than just sunny outside there is rain and snow both of those forms of precipitation you may call them I have been added into the game they're really really cool and they're both extremely different so I'll be talking about both today starting with the snow because I think it's a little bit cooler so the snow falls randomly is whenever you're in a snow biome snow will fall you can only find snow in snowy biomes like ice spikes or the snow taiga or just the ice Plains either one you can find it there and it's random so whenever it comes it comes and it'll usually go for a little while I mean looks absolutely phenomenal um one cool thing is if it's on top of leaves and you break the leaves or break any supporting block it's gonna fall so it has grata at obeys gravity kind of like sand and gravel do which is pretty sweet um there are also new levels it's like uneven on the ground so when you're walking through the terrain it's going to be very very varied and it makes it a look it just makes it look a lot more like snow in real life which is really really cool and it just makes the terrain look fabulous in my opinion also one of the single coolest things if you haven't noticed by looking at the gameplay the leaves gradually turn to white while it's snowing so before it's snowing the evergreens will be nice and dark green but right when it starts to snow to lighten up and eventually become completely white covered in snow and it looks absolutely breathtaking this is really cool and I think it's what makes the snow very very awesome and I think it adds it adds so much to the snow biome also I just thought I'd mentioned its silent there's no annoying sounds like the rain can get really really loud and really obnoxious so the snow is definitely the coolest type of weather in my opinion but you have to let me know next up we have the rain and the rain is really really loud the rain is found in any other biome that isn't snow besides desert nothing happens in the desert no precipitation at all obviously it's a desert for goodness sakes so the sky is going to turn gray it's gonna get pretty dark and it lasts a long time there's no special terrain effects nothing changes colors and nothing has different heights kind of like the snow biome does but it's it's still pretty cool and there's also a rare chance of lightning if you get a thunderstorm the lightning will appear and it's really really cool unfortunately I couldn't get any gameplay of it but it is there I've heard people say it's there I just wasn't lucky enough to find it and sitting through rain is pretty boring but apparently lightning strikes are in and that's pretty sweet also there are charged creepers they're extremely rare it's one of the rarest monsters in any version of Minecraft charged creepers now what they are is I'll try to put an overlay picture of what they look like they're basically a creeper that's been struck by lightning which is like I said extremely rare and they have basically an increased blast radius they're just like a supercharged creeper and it's really cool so apparently those are found so if you guys can find one of those definitely love you know in the comment section because that is ridiculous I can but I can't find him I can't even find lightning and I and I'm guy I don't know man it would just if you can find lightning that's one thing but if you can find a charged creeper you're one of the luckiest people event that's rude I haven't seen one in person in any form of Minecraft and I've been playing for years so apparently they're added but I'm not too sure and I can't personally vouch for it but yeah so those are the different types of weather if I have any more gameplay I'll let it ride out until the end of the video I just want to say thank you guys so much for all the support continue requesting new videos on 0.12 point the let's play will continue every Tuesday and Thursday everything is staying put I'm sorry for the super late video today it was my room was being painted so I couldn't really get inside to to record but yeah it is what it is so thank you so much and as always stay of frosty my friends peace guys SIA Baba

As found on YouTube

caption

WEATHER in 0.12.0 – Snow Trees, Lightning, & More – Update Review – Minecraft PE (Pocket Edition)

what's up guys jfm here welcome back to another 0.12 point of it now in this one I'm going to be showcasing whether this is definitely one of the most requested videos everyone has been asking you know what is the new weather look like because there are a few changes and it looks absolutely phenomenal so there are two types of weather of course other than just sunny outside there is rain and snow both of those forms of precipitation you may call them I have been added into the game they're really really cool and they're both extremely different so I'll be talking about both today starting with the snow because I think it's a little bit cooler so the snow falls randomly is whenever you're in a snow biome snow will fall you can only find snow in snowy biomes like ice spikes or the snow taiga or just the ice Plains either one you can find it there and it's random so whenever it comes it comes and it'll usually go for a little while I mean looks absolutely phenomenal um one cool thing is if it's on top of leaves and you break the leaves or break any supporting block it's gonna fall so it has grata at obeys gravity kind of like sand and gravel do which is pretty sweet um there are also new levels it's like uneven on the ground so when you're walking through the terrain it's going to be very very varied and it makes it a look it just makes it look a lot more like snow in real life which is really really cool and it just makes the terrain look fabulous in my opinion also one of the single coolest things if you haven't noticed by looking at the gameplay the leaves gradually turn to white while it's snowing so before it's snowing the evergreens will be nice and dark green but right when it starts to snow to lighten up and eventually become completely white covered in snow and it looks absolutely breathtaking this is really cool and I think it's what makes the snow very very awesome and I think it adds it adds so much to the snow biome also I just thought I'd mentioned its silent there's no annoying sounds like the rain can get really really loud and really obnoxious so the snow is definitely the coolest type of weather in my opinion but you have to let me know next up we have the rain and the rain is really really loud the rain is found in any other biome that isn't snow besides desert nothing happens in the desert no precipitation at all obviously it's a desert for goodness sakes so the sky is going to turn gray it's gonna get pretty dark and it lasts a long time there's no special terrain effects nothing changes colors and nothing has different heights kind of like the snow biome does but it's it's still pretty cool and there's also a rare chance of lightning if you get a thunderstorm the lightning will appear and it's really really cool unfortunately I couldn't get any gameplay of it but it is there I've heard people say it's there I just wasn't lucky enough to find it and sitting through rain is pretty boring but apparently lightning strikes are in and that's pretty sweet also there are charged creepers they're extremely rare it's one of the rarest monsters in any version of Minecraft charged creepers now what they are is I'll try to put an overlay picture of what they look like they're basically a creeper that's been struck by lightning which is like I said extremely rare and they have basically an increased blast radius they're just like a supercharged creeper and it's really cool so apparently those are found so if you guys can find one of those definitely love you know in the comment section because that is ridiculous I can but I can't find him I can't even find lightning and I and I'm guy I don't know man it would just if you can find lightning that's one thing but if you can find a charged creeper you're one of the luckiest people event that's rude I haven't seen one in person in any form of Minecraft and I've been playing for years so apparently they're added but I'm not too sure and I can't personally vouch for it but yeah so those are the different types of weather if I have any more gameplay I'll let it ride out until the end of the video I just want to say thank you guys so much for all the support continue requesting new videos on 0.12 point the let's play will continue every Tuesday and Thursday everything is staying put I'm sorry for the super late video today it was my room was being painted so I couldn't really get inside to to record but yeah it is what it is so thank you so much and as always stay of frosty my friends peace guys SIA Baba

As found on YouTube

caption

Blend Trees – Unity Official Tutorials

Sometimes when animating you want a mix of two or more animations. For example if you have animations for running left, running forward and running right you might want animations for running only slightly to the left or right. Another common example is having walking and running animations but wanting the character to be able to move at different speeds between the two. Blend trees can be used to achieve this. To create a blend tree right-click on empty space in the animator window. Choose Create State – From New Blend Tree. This creates a state that has a blend tree as it's motion instead of a single animation. Double clicking on the state allows you to edit the blend tree. The breadcrumb in the upper left hand corner shows us that we are working in our blend tree.

Clicking the base layer name will bring us back out of the blend tree. With the blend tree selected we can see it's properties in the Inspector. The first thing to note is that blend tree's have names. These can be different from the state that holds them. Next comes the blend type. For now we will be concentrating on one dimensional blend trees. We will be coming back to the different types of 2 dimensional blend trees later. One dimensional blend trees use a single parameter to control how much of each of it's motions should be played. In the example given earlier of running left or right the blend tree's parameter might be something like direction or angular speed.

Or for the walking/running example the parameter could be speed. Next is the list of motions. To add motions click the + icon. This gives you the options of Ad Motion Field, and New Blend Tree. Selecting New Blend Tree allows you to have nested blend trees so you can blend animations based on more than one parameter. However, if you wish to do this an easier approach is usually to use 2 dimensional blend trees. As such we'll be dealing with just adding motion fields. Each motion field represents an animation. These can be dragged on from the Assets in the Project panel or selected from a list by using the circle select button. Each motion field then has 3 properties. The threshold is the value of the parameter you have selected that represents a blend using entirely this animation. For example, let's say you have a walking and running animation and their thresholds are 5 and 10 respectively.

If the Speed parameter is set to 10 then the blend tree will play just the running animation. If it's set to 7.5 it will play a 50/50 blend of walking and running. The next property is the Time Scale. This affects the speed the animation is played at just the same as the speed property for normal states. The last property decides whether or not the animation is mirrored left to right. After adding motion fields you'll notice that a blue cross pattern diagram appears above the list of motions.

This is an illustration of where the different motions lay on the scale of the parameter. The lowest threshold on the left, the highest on the right. You can use the red scrubber to preview the blended animation for various values. If you wish to change the order of the motions on a blend tree for any reason you can drag the motions around using the handle on the left of the motion property. Below the list of motions are a few properties that help adjust the attributes of your motions. Generally it's a good idea to use these options once you have added all of the motion fields you need and given them animations. If Automate Thresholds is checked then the thresholds you have for each animation will be set and won't be changeable. If it is unchecked then we can use the following 2 options. Compute Thresholds will calculate and set values for the thresholds of each of your motion fields.

It will do this based on a property of root motion, which you select. These properties are Speed, Velocity X, Velocity Y, Velocity Z and Angular Speed in either radians or degrees. Since blend trees often have their thresholds based on these root motion properties these are also common examples of animator parameters. Using Adjust Time Scale you can make the speed for each animation homogenous. This means that each of the animations will result in the same speed of root motion. 2 dimensional blend trees work in a very similar way to 1 dimensional blend trees but blend according to 2 parameters instead of 1. There are 3 types of 2D blend trees. The first 2 are for blending based on direction.

They are 2D Simple Directional and 2D Freeform Directional. The last type is 2D Freeform Cartesian and it is used for situations where the parameters do not represent direction. 2D Simple Directional is used for when you want to blend movement based on directional parameters and have single animations on each direction, such as walk forward, walk back, walk left, etcetera. 2D Freeform Directional is used similarly but can include multiple animations in the same direction. For example walk forward and run forward. 2D Freeform Cartesian is used when the parameters are not based on direction, for example speed and angular speed. Creating each of these types of blend trees works the same. Once you have chosen a type choose an animator parameter to represent the X axis and one to represent the Y axis.

For the directional types a standard X axis parameter might be velocity X. And a standard Y axis parameter might be velocity Z. For Freeform Cartesian this choice is more open. Once you have chosen your parameters the next step is to add motions. Just as with 2D blend trees these can be either blend trees or motion fields. However unlike 1D blend trees the order in which they are added doesn't matter. Once you have added motions you will see a diagram of where the motions are according to their thresholds.

This again works the same as 1D blend trees, but since it is based on 2 thresholds, an X threshold and a Y threshold the diagram is in 2 dimensions. Each of the motions can be positioned manually by dragging them on the diagram positioned by setting the thresholds manually or by using the Computer Positions option. This works the same as the Compute Thresholds option for 1D blend trees but computes the threshold based on both parameters. 1 dimensional blend trees use a red scrubber to preview the motion. For 2D blend trees there is a red dot that can be dragged around. Subtitles by the Amara.org community.

As found on YouTube

caption

What happens if you cut down all of a city’s trees? – Stefan Al

Translator: Nawfal Aljabali Auditor: Shimaa Nabil This is a tale of two ancient cities The trees determined their fate. 3000 BC. M. The city of Warka was more densely populated than New York today. This busy metropolis had to keep expanding the irrigation system To meet the needs of a growing population. In Sri Lanka after 2,500 years, the city of Anuradhapura faced a similar problem. They were constantly multiplying too, And in the same footsteps as the city of Warka, their city relied on an accurate irrigation system. As Warka grew, its farmers began cutting down trees to make room for more crops. While the trees in Anuradhapura were sacred. Their city includes a branch of the Bodhi tree Under which the Buddha himself was said to have reached enlightenment. Religious sanctification slowed the felling of trees He even led the city to plant more trees in urban parks.

At first the Warka expansion was successful. But without the trees that filter their water sources, The irrigation system in Warka has become polluted. The evaporation of the water left mineral deposits This made the soil very salty for cultivation. On the contrary, the Anuradhapura irrigation system was designed to function In harmony with the surrounding jungle. Their city eventually grew to more than twice the population of Warka, Even today Anuradhapura still tends to a tree that was planted two thousand years ago. We might think that nature is not connected to our urban spaces. But trees have always been an essential part of successful cities. Trees act like natural sponges, absorbing rainwater Before you release it back into the atmosphere. Their root networks protect from mudslides While allowing the soil to retain water and purify toxins. Roots help prevent floods, While reducing the need for storm drainage and water treatment plants. Its porous leaves filter the air by trapping carbon and other pollutants. This makes them essential in the fight against climate change. Humanity has known the benefits of urban trees for centuries.

But trees aren't just important to city infrastructure; In fact, it plays a major role in the health of its citizens, too. In the 1870s, Manhattan had a few trees outside the island gardens. Without trees to provide shade, Buildings absorb up to nine times more solar radiation During the deadly summer heat waves. Besides the poor sanitation standards for that period, The sweltering heat made the city a breeding ground for bacteria like cholera. In modern Hong Kong, skyscrapers and underground infrastructure It made it difficult to grow trees. This contributes to dangerously poor air quality, This can cause bronchitis and reduced lung function. Trees affect our mental health, too. Research indicates that having green foliage increases attention span It reduces stress levels. It also showed hospital patients who had wall views They recover more slowly than those with tree landscapes. Fortunately, many cities are full of sights like these; This is not an accident. As early as the nineteenth century, City planners are beginning to realize the importance of trees. In 1733, Colonel James Oglethorpe planned the city of Savannah, Georgia To ensure that no neighborhood is more than a 2-minute walk from a park.

After World War II, Copenhagen directed all new developments along five arteries – Each of them is located between two parks. This design increased the resilience of the city Against pollution and natural disasters. And urban trees don't just benefit people. Portland Forest Park preserves the area's natural biodiversity. Which makes the city home to many local plants, And 112 species of birds and 62 species of mammals. No city is more tree-preserved than Singapore. Since 1967, the Singapore government has planted more than 1.2 million trees. Including trees 50 meters high which are called super trees. These structures supply themselves and adjacent buildings With solar energy and collected rainwater. Trees and plants currently cover more than 50% of Singapore's land area. This reduces the need for air conditioning Low-pollution transport is encouraged. By 2050, it is estimated that more than 65% of the world's population will live in cities. City planners can develop an environmentally friendly system, But the ball is in the court of the people who live in these urban jungles To make them homes for more than humans.

As found on YouTube

caption

5 tips to draw trees effectively

Hey guys today i’m going to give you five
tips to help you draw trees. Tip number one is the internal structure which
is the trunk and the branches. You don’t want to make these too straight
or repetitive you really want to capture the randomness of nature, in order to do this
you want o be free with your branches, i recommend not holding the pencil by the tip, I usually
hold it mid ways your goal is to control the pencil less in order to create the natural
branches. Right here i let go of the pencil a little
bit and make the tree truck curvyer. However i still have control over the pencil
and know what i’m going to do next. I’m also paying attention of where i place
the branches, i don’t want to leave huge gaps in-between the branches because that
would make the tree look weird and loose balance.

I also want to spread out the branches evenly
because to many branches on one side would make the tree loose balance as well. Moving on with tip number two. It deals with the overlap of form which helps
your tree look three dimensional. To do this were going to use the T method
which is the point where two forms overlap, you want to emphasize the T, and this shows
what is closer and what is farther away. for example this is our first T. and as you
can see it looks like a T and it shows that the branch is above the trunk or that its
closer to us. You can also use this method to show that
a branch behind the trunk. Emphasizing these points will help the tree
loose its flatness and its important to do these with all the branches. Good i think the tree is coming out pretty
well.

You can even add extra branches as i am here,
i’m just going to erase that little part. Okay to better explain i’m going to draw
two flat shapes that resemble pears, but i’m going to show you how to make them three dimensional. By emphasizing the T’s i’m going to make
the back of this pear closer to us then the front of the pear. as you can see the flat
shape of the pear has three dimensions now. i’m going to do the same thing with this
pear i’m going to make the front of the pear look closer to us. Good now i’m just going to add some of the
shading and it makes it look better.

I hope you understand the method that this
is the closer side and that is the farther side and you can do this by emphasizing the
overlap of form. Now tip number three deals with light source
and value. after drawing this tree i will show you where
the light source is, which is the top right. Since my light source is at the top right
i’m going to start shading the bottom and the left side of the tree to show shadows.

I will leave the right and top part of the
tree light to show that, thats where’s the sun is hitting it. As you can see one of my branches is casting
a shadow across the trunk, this makes the tree become a little bit more three dimensional. When it comes to shadows and value there is
a lot of detail, i also don’t want to leave sections of the tree completely white or completely
dark I want to leave it at a middle tone and thats what i’m doing here.

Now i will show how the shadows are cast on
a tree with leaves. First of all the leaves blur out some of the
branches and overlap them. the light source is right above so i’m doing
the shadows on the bottom of the leaves. Also the branches are almost always going
to look darker. I outline the leaves to give it more style
and I do the cast shadow in the bottom of the tree and I add a bush just to give it
an environment. For tip number four were gonna focus on texture
and this is mostly up to your skill level. I do a lot of lines on my tree to show that
it sort of has a natural form and you can practice different textures its not only lines. And as you can see i add a hole on the tree
and its part of texture this one you would have to practice a lot. Tip number five and finally go out to nature
and try to draw the trees outside. Try to get a small sketch book like this one,
I took this one when i went on a trip to Europe and as you can see i draw random trees I drew
close up of trees.

Drawing trees from the natural environment
will help you a lot, a lot! I tried different textures as you can see
in this one, and also weird ones. I also drew trees with thin branches and really
any kind of tree that came close up of the branches. This sketch book is filled with more than
just trees as you can see, and finally this last tree i actually drew this one out of
my imagination after you draw a lot of trees you actually could draw them out of your imagination. Finally this tree i will draw it pointing
out he five tips so as you can see i’m trying to make naturally curvy branches that resemble
nature. This tree is coming out from my imagination
and i want to not leave any gaps, i want to keep it completely balanced. I will spread out the smaller thinner branches
and i will add this large branch coming out of the tree trunk to show form and space.

Now i will actually start doing the emphasis
on form and space which are the T’s i talked about earlier in tip number two. and as you
can see i have them emphasized now. Now i’m going to do the shadows. I will do my light source on the top right
and as you can see i will do all my shadows on the left side and i will do some cast shadows
on the branches that are sticking out now. Also i never really stopped drawing branches
i keep doing thinner ones, this really only helps me emphasize different parts of the
tree and keep the tree balance as you can see. Now i’m going to continue with texture and
i’m going to user he line method again i’m going to do a bunch of lines to give it texture
so it can look more natural and give it a rough surface. Finally the shadow, and i believe this is
one of my longest videos so hank you for sticking till the end. I really hope you learned from these tips
and if you like this video please give it a like! subscribe to my channel for more videos!

As found on YouTube

caption

Sammy Carlson Narrowly Misses Avalanche, Jumps Into Trees Instead–Wild Child Episode 1

this year we posted up in revenue for a couple months shredding with Tim Humphries Ben Moxon John sprigs just a good crew of guys we're going out in the mountain every day we just get up super early rally out to the trailhead and just spend the whole day in the mountains it's boring out there we are we're exploring a lot of different pillow zones and playing the trees a lot having some fun this year in particular it was more challenging and past seasons it's with variable snowpack and we were lucky one day we had a couple close calls like some pretty big pockets ripping out but nothing that we couldn't manage and then the next day we went back out and the snowpack became even more prone to avalanches you know as midway through a build and the whole bowl ripped out good to see you boys we all had to take a step back and just realize that it was not the right time to be up in the mountains there's plenty of warning signs telling us we need to take a break so we just toned her down for a few days and started thinking a little bit differently we are taking this situation that we're in and we're turning it into the best thing possible so we started hanging out in the trees and started to get a tree Jeb's on definitely have to pay attention to go check the charts you know every day when you're going out and make sure you're going out with a good crew of buddies that are also have the proper knowledge to assess the snow passion ultimately going out there the decisions yours no one's gonna stop you from dropping in but you gotta just make sure if you're not feeling it you just walk away

As found on YouTube

caption

Artificial Trees That Absorb CO2 – Hot Planet Preview – BBC One

trees absorb carbon dioxide but they release it during the night and when they decompose so professor Klaus Lackner an engineer Alan Wright have been designing a tree which could be more efficient than the real thing it was here at biosphere 2 in Arizona that the idea was first conceived biosphere 2 was the largest completely airtight artificial ecosystem ever built the perfect place to study how changes in carbon dioxide would affect the planet after working on several prototypes Klaus and Alan now think they might have finally cracked it this was an early design more like a cabinet than a tree inside a plastic that absorbs co2 these plastics are in exchange resins which are commonly used in water preparation if you disseminate water or make the ionized water this is the kind of stuff you would use you can buy it commercially in large quantities at first I used chemicals to wash the co2 out of the plastic so it could be reused but this needed too much energy to be viable then they made a discovery that was quite simple it happened after they set up a basic experiment using nothing more than an airtight Bell Jar hooked up to a carbon dioxide monitor an experiment they repeated for me here on top you see the plastic material which absorbs the co2 it has been wrapped in thin strips around the frame the level of co2 in the bell jar starts at 386 todays atmospheric levels as expected the plastic immediately absorbs it so the levels of co2 in here are really low around about 140 okay but what they do next they feel is the real breakthrough and so simple they don't the plastic in water and we'll just put it back in there those are the game now the air inside cannot escape back in the bell jar the wet plastic immediately starts to release the absorb co2 okay and the levels are already going on yes so we're going to see it's beginning to trend up and it will pick up over time as the co2 is given off by that material so just by making it wet it's now releasing the co2 that was previously trapped yes I mean it's wet it doesn't want to see you too so it pushes it off it's as simple as that it's as simple as that it's amazing it is and then you can dry it out again when it dries out again it will grab more co2 we'll do this over and over and over and over and can literally do this hundreds and hundreds of times having ensured that rainfall will not release the co2 Allanon class and now building a full-scale artificial tree when finished it will have a central drum with panels of the special plastic and a humidity control system by altering the moisture levels it will absorb and then release the co2 for storage this process requires no chemicals only a very small amount of energy and a water supply the vision of the future for these kind of artificial trees is that they can capture the carbon dioxide nobody else can catch that's their advantage that is their strength they estimate that a single tree will absorb about a ton of co2 a day about 75 cars worth 60 million trees could potentially absorb all the co2 we currently emit and that's not all this is one of the few options available to actually go back and reduce the carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere from the level we are already at or will be in 50 years from now back down to where it is safe all this absorbed carbon dioxide would of course need to be put somewhere but that's where other new technologies come in like the geological storage of co2 that's being tested in Utah and because co2 levels are the same around the planet a great forest of artificial trees could be placed right on top of storage sites so the co2 wouldn't have to be transported you

As found on YouTube

caption

Grafting Lemon Trees – Grafting Fruit Trees by T-budding

This video shows how to graft
a lemon tree using T-budding. The T-bud is commonly used
for grafting lemon trees. It is easy and it gives a high success rate. It works well for grafting new fruit trees. This is the rootstock that I will be grafting to,
a variety called carrizo. The fruit that I will be grafting is
a delicious lemon hybrid called lemonade. It is not as sour as a traditional lemon. It can be peeled and eaten like an orange
and has a similar balance between sweet and sour. In order to achieve a successful graft
and also to avoid spreading disease, I sterilize my grafting tools with
a 1.5% concentration of chlorine bleach. First I remove the leaves and thorns
from the rootstock. A budding height of
at least 8 to 12 inches or 20 to 30 centimeters above the soil will make for a healthy tree. I cut an upside-down T into the rootstock at this height. An upright T will also work.

The advantage of an upside-down T
is that it can help to keep water out. This may produce better results
in a rainy area. Next I peel the bark back
with the bark lifter on my grafting knife to prepare the rootstock to receive the bud. T-budding must be performed
during a time of year when the tree is actively growing,
allowing the bark to be peeled back. I cut the bud by slicing underneath it. The back of the bud has wood attached. The wood does not need to be removed. It is important to avoid touching
the cut surfaces of the bud. It is often possible to hold the bud
by the petiole where the leaf was attached. Since the petiole has fallen off,
I pick the bud up with my knife. Next I insert the bud under the bark. I cut off the bottom of
the bud piece that was sticking out. It is important to graft the bud right-side-up. The bud should be on top. The scar where the leaf was attached is on the bottom. This is a thorn. Next I wrap the bud tightly
with vinyl tape, starting below the bud and wrapping up.

My step-by-step article at
fruitmentor.com/GraftingLemonTrees has more information on wrapping material. In order to improve my chances of success,
I will graft a second bud to the rootstock. This way I will succeed
even if one of the bud grafts fails. Citrus cuttings have the potential
to spread tree-killing diseases. It is often not apparent when a tree
is infected with a fatal disease. This makes the source of citrus budwood
for grafting very important. In California where I live we now have
both exotic diseases that kill citrus trees and also the insects
that spread the diseases.

The situation is so severe that it is now
against the law in California to graft with backyard citrus cuttings. Hobbyists in California now instead
order their budwood at a nominal cost from the Citrus Clonal Protection Program
or CCPP, a program that exists to provide disease-free budwood
for the grafting of citrus trees. I have made a video that shows how to set
up an account and order citrus budwood. You can click here or visit the link below. The CCPP will ship budwood anywhere in the
world where the local laws allow it. Many citrus growing regions
where it is not allowed have their own disease-free
citrus budwood programs. Information on other programs
is included in the ordering video.

After the grafts are finished,
I move the tree to a shady area for a three week healing period. After the healing period, I unwrap the grafts. Both buds are still green,
an indication of success. I would normally perform the next step
with the tree in the container, but my family likes lemonade fruit so much
that I decided to plant the tree in the ground first. Citrus trees do much better in the ground
than in containers, so this will give the tree a better start. I create a watering basin
whenever I plant a citrus tree. Lemonade is my daughter’s favorite citrus fruit
and she is excited to help. I let the tree settle in for a few days
before the next step, which is forcing the grafted bud to grow.

A phenomenon called apical dominance
governs the growth of citrus buds. Natural hormones from the buds
at the end of the branches prevent buds lower down from growing. In order for a grafted bud to grow, the
effect of these hormones must be overcome. I break the apical dominance
by cutting halfway through the rootstock and pushing it over so that
the terminal buds are lower than the newly grafted buds. The timelapse shows about three weeks of growth. After a bit more growth,
I remove the top of the rootstock and stake the tree. Here you see the lemonade tree the following spring. It is important to remove any sprouts from the rootstock. If left to grow,
it would outcompete the grafted variety and produce undesirable fruit. In order to encourage branching,
I again break apical dominance by cutting off the terminal buds.

Here you see the new branches
on my lemonade tree. I hope that you have enjoyed this video
and have found it helpful. If you have any questions,
please ask below in the comments. I will be happy to answer. I have made this video to save citrus trees
all over the world from deadly diseases. You can help by sharing this video,
by giving it a “thumbs up”, and by subscribing
to this YouTube channel. Another thing that you can do to save
citrus trees is to inspect them monthly for citrus psyllids, the insects that
spread the deadly huanglongbing disease. Even a single psyllid is a cause
for immediate action.

Learn more here. You can download my free eBook
with more citrus grafting tips at fruitmentor.com/GraftingTips.

As found on YouTube